Public schools are available to everyone. Elementary schools, middle schools and high schools are funded and controlled by 3 levels of government. At the federal level it is The United States Department of Education, at the state level it is the state-level departments of education, and at the local level it is the school district.
The median annual Public School Teacher salary varies — the range is usually between $46,657 and $61,718. The variation factors include company size, location, years of experience, and education level.
- Prepares lesson plans and instructs students.
- Evaluates and monitors student’s performance.
- Must be familiar with a variety of concepts, practices, and procedures within a particular field.
- Must rely on experience and judgment to plan and accomplish goals.
- May lead and direct the work of others.
- Performs a variety of tasks.
- Typically reports to the principal,
- Requires a bachelor’s degree, 2-4 years of experience in the field or in a related area, and may require certification.
A Brief History of Public Education
Hundreds of years ago, most learning happened at home. Parents taught their children or, if their families could afford it, private tutors did the job. The Puritans were the first in this country to point out the need for some kind of public education. They established schools to teach not just the essentials-reading, writing and math- but also to reinforce their core values.
After the American Revolution, Thomas Jefferson argued that the newly independent nation needed an educational system, and he suggested that tax dollars be used to fund it. His pleas were ignored, however, and the idea for a public school system languished for nearly a century.
It was not until the 1840’s that compulsory education first gained popular support. That decade an influx of Irish and German Catholic immigrants began to frighten what was then a thoroughly Protestant society. It was thought that ensuring the same education to all, devoid of religious or political influence, would best preserve the principles of American democracy (then thought to be threatened by Catholicism).